RESEARCH
August 25, 2008

Cheap catalyst makes hydrogen from biofuel

Cover a ceramic material with cobalt particles and you get an efficient, durable and inexpensive catalyst for extracting hydrogen from ethanol and other biofuels. The catalyst extracts over 90 percent of the fuel's hydrogen and costs a small fraction of the usual precious metal catalysts.

The catalyst brings hydrogen a step closer to being a practical transportation fuel for either fuel cells or combustion engines. Liquid biofuels are easier to store and transport than hydrogen gas. Hydrogen could be extracted from fuels at filling stations or even in vehicles.


Research paper:
Hydrogen Production from Biorenewables over Nonnoble Metal Catalysts
American Chemical Society National Meeting, Philadelphia, August 17-21, 2008

Researchers' homepage:
Heterogeneous Catalysis Research Group, Ohio State University

Related stories and briefs:
Greener hydrogen -- a previous method of extracting hydrogen from biofuels


Back to ERN August 25/September 1, 2008

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